Trend Watch 2019: Length-of-haul Shift Reshapes Trucking
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There’s a major change taking place in the transportation industry. Average haul lengths are steadily decreasing while demand for shorter, regional routes is growing. But what’s causing it might surprise you. Even more surprising, the shift has long-term implications for the driver shortage, distribution networks, carrier efficiency, and more.
Today, the average length-of-haul is just 62 percent of what it was in 2005, decreasing from 800 miles to 500 (Fleet Owner). And the rate of decline appears to be accelerating. Since 2012, average miles driven between pickup and delivery have declined by 26 percent in reefers, 10 percent in flatbed trucks, and 9 percent in dry vans (Overdrive).
Amazon Effect Strikes Again
Why the shift? According to the American Transportation Research Institute (ARI), e-commerce sales in the U.S. have risen over the last two decades from 1 percent of total retail sales to more than 9 percent. Thanks to the Amazon Effect on shipping, this 3000 percent increase in online sales has set off many related changes in the transportation industry (Fleet Owner):
- Increases in regional and last-mile truck shipping to accommodate consumer expectations for more frequent and faster deliveries
- Increasingly decentralized and regional distribution networks that locate inventory near customers
- Growing numbers of last-mile fulfillment centers
- More efficient reverse logistics to effectively manage online merchandise returns
Ripple Effects on Transportation
It’s no secret that Amazon has changed the way people shop, making e-commerce more popular than ever. What’s not as obvious is the fact that the transportation industry is transforming to meet customer needs and remain competitive in this new reality.
For example, the shorter average length-of-haul means that e-commerce shippers will increasingly use single-unit trucks instead of combination trucks with semitrailers, which has an effect on truck manufacturing and sales. In fact, between 2007 and 2016, single-unit truck registrations grew by roughly 8 percent while combinations truck registrations fell more than 4 percent. Short hauls also lead to trucks returning to docks more often, adding dwell time and costs for carriers (Fleet Owner).
And who can forget the driver shortage? Transportation is still grappling with a shortfall of about 51,000, especially in the long-haul sector, and the current shift could exacerbate the problem. Many drivers are leaving long-haul jobs in favor of short-haul opportunities that enable more family-friendly lives. The silver lining is that greater demand for short hauls may create opportunities for commercial drivers under the age of 21 who can’t legally cross state lines.
The Capstone Advantage
With all these transportation changes, shippers are increasingly turning to 3PLs to outsource logistics and help them navigate capacity, costs, and the many hidden effects this shift continues to have on supply chains. Whatever your shipping needs, Capstone has the insights and experience to help you optimize your delivery network from the first mile to the last. Contact us to learn how.